A binomial experiment is given. Decide whether you can the normal distribution to approximate the binomial distribution. If you can, find the mean and standard deviation. If you cannot, explain why.
A survey a adult found that 58% have used a multivitamin in the past 12 months. You randomly select 55 adults and ask them if they have used a multivitamin in the past 12 months.
If np ≥ 5 and np ≥ 5, then the binomial random variable, x is approximately normally distributed, with mean µ = np and standard deviation σ = , where n is the sample size, p is the population proportion, and q = 1 – p.
Find np and nq to determine if the normal distribution can be used to approximate the binomial distribution. First determine the values of n, p, and q.
n = 55
p = = 0.58
q = 1 – 0.58 = 0.42
Now calculate np and nq.
np = (55)(0.58) = 31.9
nq = (55)(0.42) = 23.1
Since both np and nq are greater than 5, the normal distribution can be used to approximate the binomial distribution. Thus, calculate the mean, µ = np, and standard deviation, σ = . Recall that up = 31.9. Find the standard deviation, rounding to two decimal places.
Therefore, the mean is 31.9 and the standard deviation is approximately 3.66.